Client means professional client as defined under MiFID II. Professional client is a client who possesses the experience, knowledge and expertise to make its own investment decisions and properly assess the risks that it incurs. In order to be considered to be professional client, the client must comply with the criteria covered under Annex II of MiFID II.
CPRM means counterparty risk management.
Trillium Financial Broker offers trading services, owned by Trillium and the Grenadines Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Execution Venue includes a regulated market (“RM”), a multilateral trading facility (“MTF”), an organized trading facility (“OTF”), a systematic internalization (“SI”), or a market maker or other liquidity provider or an entity that performs a similar function in a third country to the functions performed by any of the foregoing. Financial Instruments means financial as defined under Section C Annex I of MiFID, excluding foreign exchange spot contracts. Market Maker means a person who holds himself out on the financial markets on a continuous s basis as being willing to deal on own account by buying and selling Financial Instruments against that person’s proprietary capital at prices defined by that person. Material Change means a significant event that could impact parameters of Best Execution such as cost, price, speed, the likelihood of execution and settlement, size, nature or any other consideration relevant to the execution of the order.
MiFID II means Directive 2014/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on markets in financial instruments and amending Directive 2002/92/EC and Directive 2011/61/EU including any applicable amending and/or supplementing directive and/or regulation.
Multilateral Trading Facility (“MTF”) means a multilateral system, operated by an investment firm or a market operator, which brings together multiple third-party buying and selling interests in Financial Instruments – in the system and in accordance with non-discretionary rules – in a way that results in a contract in accordance with Title II of MiFID II.
Organized Trading Facility (“OTF”) means a multilateral system which is not a regulated market or an MTF and in which multiple third-party buying and selling interests in bonds, structured finance products, emission allowances or derivatives are able to interact in the system in a way that results in a contract in accordance with Title II of MiFID II.
Over the Counter (“OTC”) means a method of trading that does not take place on an RM. It can take various shapes from bilateral trading to permanent structures (such as systematic internalizes and broker networks).
TCA (“Transaction Cost Analysis”) means a study of trade prices to determine whether the trades were arranged at favorable prices.
Policy means this Order Execution Policy in accordance with MiFID II, UCITS and AIFMD.
Regulated Market (“RM”) means a multi-lateral system operated and/or managed by a market operator, which facilitates the bringing together of multiple third-party buying and selling interests in Financial Instruments – in the system and in accordance with its non-discretionary rules – in a way that results in a contract, in respect of the Financial Instruments admitted to trading under its rules and/or systems, and which is authorized and functions regularly as defined and in accordance with the provisions of MiFID II.
Request for Quote (“RFQ”) means an electronic message for soliciting quotes for a financial instrument. Securities financing transactions (“SFTs”) means stock lending transactions and security repurchasing transactions which are generally carried out under a Global Master Securities Lending Agreement, a Global Master Repo Agreement, or a German Master Agreement.
Specific instructions mean a specific instruction by a Client as to how the order should be executed, including specifying price limit, execution time, broker or venue to be used, or another parameter.
Systematic Internalize (“SI”) means an investment firm that, on an organized, frequent, systematic and substantial basis, deals on its own account by executing client orders outside a RM, a MTF, or an OTF, without operating a multilateral system.
Investor means an investor in a collective investment undertaking subject to UCITS or AIFMD. Fund means a collective investment undertaking subject to UCITS or AIFMD.
This Policy sets forth information relating to how TRILLIUM FINANCIAL BROKER seeks to provide the Best Execution in accordance with the regulatory requirements.
This Policy sets out our business practice of taking all sufficient steps to obtain the best possible result when we execute orders on behalf of Clients or the Funds on Execution Venues and also transmit or place orders with brokers.
The Order Execution Policy applies where we undertake transactions in Financial Instruments on behalf of Professional Clients or the Funds.
This Policy is published on our website: email@example.com
Where TRILLIUM FINANCIAL BROKER acts as the Management Company of the Funds it will take all sufficient steps to obtain the best possible result when executing decisions to deal on behalf of the managed Funds.
Where TRILLIUM FINANCIAL BROKER acts as Investment Services Provider it will take all sufficient steps to obtain the best possible result when executing decisions to deal on behalf of Clients. We owe a duty of best execution to our Client when we act in a discretionary capacity as agents and make decisions that will affect our Client’s interests, i.e. when the Client relies on us to protect their interests in relation to the pricing and other elements of the transaction.
Where we receive Specific Instructions from a Client regarding the execution of a Client order when providing an investment service, we will ensure execution is performed in adherence with those Specific Instructions. By doing so, we will consider having satisfied our Best Execution obligations under MiFID II to the extent that an order or a specific aspect of an order is executed following Specific Instructions from the Client relating to the order or the specific aspect of the order. Any Specific Instruction received from a Client may prevent us from taking the steps we have designed and implemented in this Policy to obtain the best possible result for the execution of those orders in respect of the elements covered by those instructions. Hence, our ability to provide the Best Execution will be limited to the extent that we are following Specific Instructions from our Clients.
When executing orders, we will take all sufficient steps to obtain the best possible result takin, considering, costs, speed, the likelihood of execution and settlement, size, nature or any other consideration relevant to the execution of the order
Specifically, for Funds: the objectives, investment policy and risks of the Fund as indicated in the prospectus, articles of association or offering documents of the Fund Generally, we will regard price and cost as the important factors for the Best Execution, however, there may be circumstances when we may determine that other execution factors have a greater influence in achieving the best possible result.
Please refer to the following product-specific sections for a better understanding of how the Best Execution will be achieved.
In general, the execution strategy and associated execution methods, including where and how to execute an order, are made based on the functional and economic merits e.g. liquidity, suitability, certainty, and settlement infrastructure of a broker or a venue. Our selection of a particular broker to execute an order is based on a number of criteria, including their:
Rely on a broker for Best Execution: When doing so, we would take into account if the broker has MiFID II compliant Policy, if applicable, and also has the ability to evidence Best Execution at our request;
Rely on a broker for use of order execution algorithms: we do not host our own algorithms but do make use of algorithms offered by brokers. When doing so, we would make the broker selection based on the defined trading strategy of the algorithm that the broker makes available and the Execution Venues that the broker executes on.
We aim to make use of electronic venues including MTFs, SIs, and OTFs, wherever possible. This means that the order will be made available on the venues (i.e. request for quote submitted) on a best-effort basis to avoid market movements adversely impacting execution.
We determine the Execution Venue for order execution in respect of a particular order by taking into consideration of the followings factors:
The instrument types are mainly traded the particular venue with competitive prices are available
We have identified the brokers and Execution Venues, as listed in Appendix Sections A and B, on which we place significant reliance on meeting our Best Execution obligations on a consistent basis.
There may, however, be occasions when trade-by-trade product-specific decisions out a Client order will require executing the order outside trading venues. The Best Execution obligation requires us to make a trade-by-trade product-specific decision as described in the sections below. Equities and Equity Derivatives Orders of cash equity and listed Equity derivatives are generally passed to executing brokers for execution who are exchange members with access to the relevant exchange, or who have special expertise and country exposure required for Best Execution. The price is generally regarded as the primary factor for obtaining the Best Execution unless any Specific Instruction requires otherwise. There may be circumstances that factors other than price will take precedence in order to achieve the Best Execution result. For example, speed, higher likelihood of execution and settlement are prioritized when market disruption or system outage takes place. In certain situations, where a market is illiquid or the order is of a large size, in order to reduce market impact, we execute the order directly with the market maker or liquidity provider to seek liquidity needed, hence a high likelihood of execution and settlement more important than price.
The relative importance of the following secondary criteria is determined on a trade-by-trade basis: The nature of the instrument and size of the order: Whether an instrument to be traded has a unique feature requires special attention when selecting a broker and how liquidity is available at the time of execution Likelihood of the execution: The broker´s knowledge, exposure, and capability to execute the order Likelihood of settlement (settlement risk): The broker’s ability to ensure securities will be delivered on the settlement date Broker´s willingness and capacity: In case of a high volume transaction, whether a broker can commit their own capital to enter into a principal trade; whether the broker specializes in block orders or large program trades Speed: How fast a counterparty can react and process the order of a certain size Equity – like instruments (Convertibles, Certificates, ETFs, and similar instruments) ETFs are mainly executed via RFQ directly with brokers on an MTF venue (e.g. Trade web). We will typically ask multiple brokers for a price and will then execute at the busiest-prevailing ice. The competition among brokers on MTF is advantageous for the price-discovery process.
The ETF price is transparent and available as a reference for selecting quotations from brokers. The price is the primary factor in the execution decision The Orders related to certificates may be either executed directly with their issuer or passed to a broker for execution (a listed instrument).
The execution of convertibles often takes place via RFQ in Trade web (Operating company: Trade web Europe Limited) by considering primarily the following factors (unless instructed differently):
Order size: it needs to be considered in relation to both the size of the issuance of the security and to the market capacity and volatility
The Likelihood of the execution Access to Liquidity Fixed Income
The fixed income and often subject to limited liquidity and price transparency. Therefore, these instruments are mainly traded OTC (except listed instruments). We will, where instruments, obtain competing quotes to achieve the best possible results at the given market circumstance.
Debt Instruments When trading Debt instruments on an MTF (e.g. trade web, Bloomberg Trading, Marketers), this is typically done on an RFQ basis and, multiple counterparties are put into price competition simultaneously to achieve a fair price. This execution type is deemed to be reasonable for instruments, where sufficient liquidity is provided through a reasonable number of Execution Venues (counterparties) quoting prices electronically.
When possible, we typically consider various venues and source quotes from multiple market counterparties before accepting the quote that achieves the best possible result. Unless specifically instructed, the primary execution factor is price. We also take into account the following factors as secondary determinants, such as:
For orders of large sizes, certainty of execution, and reduction of the market the impact and speed of execution might have greater importance than price. Therefore, the choice of available venues and the number of potential counterparties, as well as the relative importance given to execution factors are determined on a trade-by-trade basis.
In case of illiquid securities, we can only execute the orders by contacting potential counterparties via phone or email to screen counter parties on the market, as there is no electronic trading facility available for trading this type of securities.
In absence of price competition, we will verify the fairness of the available price by assessing the valuation based on available prices of related or comparable securities with adjustment of certain parameters, such as credit rating, maturity and, size. Hence, the primary factor to be considered in these circumstances is the likelihood of execution.
Money market instruments are mainly liquid and at short maturity which can be traded in the same way as liquid debt instruments as above mentioned. The price competition via RFQ is possible and Price orders by taking the price as primary determinant, unless the Client instructs otherwise.
OTC derivatives (Interest rates derivatives and credit derivatives)
When executing orders on OTC derivatives via RFQ on trading venues or with a market maker bilaterally, the relevant agreements with the counterparties will be the primary execution factor, followed by price. We shall check the fairness of the price by gathering market data used in the estimation of the price of such product where possible or by referencing similar products parable products.
In addition to the secondary determinants covered for debt instruments in general, the following factors will also be considered:
Collateral and associated credit risk Other related costs e.g. novation and balance transfer
Trading Capacity: Broker maintains positions in the underlying security and have significant flow when trading on the side (buyer/seller)
Expertise/Skill: Broker’s experience and skill to the particular instrument and underlying securities Information Flow: Broker provides superior market intelligence
Listed Derivatives (Interest rates derivatives and credit derivatives)
Orders for listed derivatives are transmitted to the registered intermediaries (brokers) with access to the relevant exchanges. The relevant agreements with the brokers and execution commission will be the primary execution factors.
Secondary determinants are:
We execute orders on various FX instruments including: FX-future, FX-option (both exchange-traded nd OTC), FX-forward, FX-Swaps, as well as NDF (Non-deliverable FX forward).
We use trading venues, as listed in Appendix Section B, to obtain several simultaneous competitive quotes and select the most advantageous one to achieve Best Execution. Therefore, the price is the he primary execution factor.
Certain FX OTC derivative instruments are not standardized products due to their tailor-made nature, for instance, with unusual long maturity to meet special needs of the investors. Therefore, these instruments are traded OTC where we need to verify the prices through specific pricing tools considering all relevant pricing parameters such as interest rates, volatility, and the spread. We generally ask for quotes from two or more market makers for comparison, if applicable.
Securities Financing Transactions
We execute all SFTs in accordance with the relevant Client agreements or Fund statutes. The transactions are all conducted on OTC basis and therefore no official market price or level is available for SFTs.
The relevant agreements with the counterparties and the lending rate that we are able to achieve will be the most significant factors, however there are other determinants which affect a loan and its level. Therefore, in order to achieve the best possible result on a consistent basis, we also take into account the following factors:
We will get in contact with potential counterparties directly through matching systems or they may contact us. The SFTs brokers on which we place significant reliance in meeting our Best Execution obligations on a consistent basis are listed in Appendix Section A.
We will only lend securities at the standard collateral schedule approved by Risk Management. In certain specific cases, the Client may also give us Specific Instructions about the loan that they are prepared to offer, we will follow these instructions to meet our Best Execution obligation. We establish a “fair allocation” process with the aim of ensuring that loans are allocated fairly.
When we buy or sell assets other than Financial Instruments, we act in the best interest of the Funds or our Client when placing orders to deal on behalf of the Funds or a Client with other entities for execution. Whenever there is no choice for different execution venues, execution factors set out above, such as price, costs, speed, the likelihood of execution and settlement, size, nature or any other considerations may not apply.
The purpose of our monitoring and review of execution arrangements is to evaluate the effectiveness of our overall execution arrangements.
We will review the execution arrangements on an ongoing basis. This review will include a combination of some or all of the following key activities depending on the product type:
The daily supervisory oversight to ensure that the order execution on Execution Venues and by brokers follows our execution policy and that decision-making for non-standard executions is exercised at sufficient level of authority
Periodic review of execution effectiveness based on information obtained from brokers and Execution Venues and/or TCA provided by independent third party data providers and exception report with information including trade details, reason and justifications for deviations
Periodic independent reviews of execution arrangements and sample execution analysis supported by TCA data conducted by our control functions
Regular update summary on system functionality, technical enhancement, and back office settlement Periodic reporting to various governance bodies covering all Best Execution related topics including the appropriateness of the Best Execution procedure and Policy
As result of periodic review, the list of our Execution Venues as well as the list of our top brokers may be updated accordingly to meet our Best Execution objective.
The escalation and improvement will be addressed under supervision of the relevant broker governance forums and other governing committee focusing on specific product lines.
All brokers that we trade with are selected from a pre-approved broker list issued and monitored by our CPRM. CPRM established a standardized broker on boarding and due diligence process where the counterparty risk for all transactions undertaken on behalf of our Clients is assessed and controlled. The broker list is reviewed and updated periodically.
We will periodically review whether Best Execution was achieved satisfactorily from the venues which we used for order execution in the past period. Our review will consider, among others, the following factors:
We will regularly assess the Execution Venues available to identify those that will enable us, consistently, to obtain the best possible results. As result of our regular review, we may add or remove any Execution Venue from the list.
We implement procedures and arrangements, which allow orders to be processed in a prompt, fair, and expeditious manner, unless the characteristics of the order or prevailing market conditions make this impracticable, or the specific interests of the Client or the Fund require otherwise. We will exercise independent judgement and a high level of professionalism, taking into account all execution factors when applying Best Execution considerations.
We don’t receive any remuneration or non-monetary benefits for routing orders to a particular Execution Venue or broker. We implement a conflict of interest policy to ensure circumstances which constitute or may give rise to a conflict of interest are identified and well managed.
We operate procedures to ensure the prompt, fair and expeditious execution and allocation of Client/Fund orders relative to other Client/Fund orders. The procedures include arrangements, where appropriate and where permitted for the Fund, for the aggregation of Client/Fund orders with those of other Clients/Funds to ensure that the aggregation of orders will not work overall to the disadvantage of any Fund or Client. Where an aggregated order is partially executed, we shall allocate the related trades in the best interests of all relevant Clients and/or Funds in accordance with our order allocation policy.
We will publish on our website firstname.lastname@example.org on an annual basis and per class of Financial Instruments, a list of to the p five execution venues and a list of to the p five firms to whom we transmit Client orders. These reports will be produced individually for each of the TRILLIUM FINANCIAL BROKER legal entities in scope for MiFID II top five reporting requirements (separate reports for SFTs).
This Policy will be provided to a new Client of our investment services (subject to MiFID II) as part of the relevant Client agreement or will be made available on our website email@example.com, in order that we can evidence the provision of appropriate information. We will request the Client’s prior consent to this Policy.
There may be occasions when achieving the best possible result in carrying out a Client order will require executing the order outside trading venues. Clients consent to us acting under discretion is such circumstances by providing express consent in the relevant Client agreement. This only applies to client orders in financial instruments admitted to trading on a trading venue.
This Policy will be reviewed at least annually. Such a review shall also be carried out whenever a Material Change occurs that affects our ability to continue to obtain the best possible result for the execution of Client orders on a consistent basis using the venues included in this Policy. We shall assess whether a Material Change has occurred and shall consider making changes to the Execution Venues or legal entities on which we place significant reliance in meeting the overarching Best Execution requirement.
Consequently, this Policy document will be updated to reflect these changes. This policy will be made available on our website firstname.lastname@example.org to Investors in Funds and Clients of our investment services. Additionally, Clients of our investment services will be notified (by email) of any material change that affects our ability to obtain the best possible result for the execution of our Client’s orders.
This section below provides a non-exhaustive list of brokers/venues used by us to execute orders. Only those brokers/venues are listed that we place significant reliance on. Any additional brokers/venues used, but not listed here, will nevertheless still have been selected in accordance with this Policy.
Trade Responsibly: Forex and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 79% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading Forex and CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how Forex and CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. The information on this website does not constitute investment advice or a recommendation or a solicitation to engage in any investment activity.
Trillium Financial Broker does not provide services to residents of the United States, Belgium, Canada and Singapore or any jurisdiction where such services would be contrary to local law or regulation.